Perspectives in the Pampa: ancient american huge ground drawings in Peru's desert

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Types of geoglyphs
The geoglyphs of Nazca type can be divided into the rare figural subjects and the abundant geometrical subjects, all above lines, but also cleared and bordered areas like the rare oblonge triangles, the abundant trapezoids and rectangles which are broad or narrow, but very long. Round and angular double spirals are more seldom.
This example of a monkey measuring ca. 90 m shows clearly how he remains part of a system of zigzag lines (left) and meander lines (right). In addition, the tail of the monkey forms a double spiral.
Trapezoid cleared of stones with bigger stone heaps at both ends, below a second one in construction with many small heaps.
Lines become frequently broader so that a very narrow trapezoid origins.
Real triangles are more seldom.
A trapezoid to which narrow areas are added at both ends.
Trapezoids are bordered at the wider end with some oblique parallel lines (marked).
Oblonge and narrow rectangle areas may be remains of ancient "Inca“ roads, but here they connect two geoglyphs.
A large, (nearly) rectangular area with a stone heap on both ends. The 'junctions' with other areas are omitted in its rim.
Some of the large areas become once more wider near one of its ends. (Length 2166 m)
Such exact double spirals might be constructed from outside to the center with a rope that was winded up around two posts as can be seen in the explanation photo.
Circles (here a group of concentrical circles) are more an exception among the geoglyphs.
Spectacular and famous: the spider measuring nearly 50 m as an example for the comparatively rare figural drawings
The so-called sundial near Palpa, an example of irregular angular spirals

all satellite images: QuickBird 2005 DigitalGlobe, distrib. by Eurimage
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Vladimir Minakov
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